Callista Gingrich testified before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on 18 July for her confirmation hearing as President Donald Trump's nominee to be the US ambassador to the Vatican.
Gingrich, 51, affirmed the administration's commitment to protecting human rights and religious freedom and responded to questions about refugees and the environment.
Senator Ron Johnson, R-Wisconsin, presided, introducing Gingrich and referencing her involvement with the Catholic Church. He noted that Gingrich was the organist for her local parish, St. John's Catholic Church, in her hometown of Whitehall, Wisconsin, and has been a longtime member of the choir at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington.
"Callista is a lifelong Catholic and has been active in her faith for many years," Johnson said.
He marked her almost three decades of experience as a congressional staffer and subsequent work as president of Gingrich Productions, a company that produces documentaries, books, newsletters, and other materials related to history and public policy.
Johnson cited Gingrich's experience gained in producing a documentary film about Pope John Paul II's historic trip to Poland as evidence of her connections with and understanding of the Catholic community and the Vatican, calling her "an ideal choice."
Johnson noted that Rep. Francis Rooney, R-Florida, who served as US ambassador to the Vatican from 2005 to 2008, was in attendance in support of Gingrich's nomination.
In her testimony, Gingrich emphasised her desire to work with the Vatican to protect religious freedom and human rights, fight terrorism, violence and human trafficking, and seek peaceful solutions to international crises.
Gingrich spoke of her time spent producing "Nine Days That Changed the World," and "Divine Mercy: The Canonisation of John Paul II" as influential in her education in the "bilateral relationship" between the United States and the Vatican. The two entities, she said, "can act as a worldwide force for good when we work together."
After Gingrich and other nominees delivered their testimonies, members of the committee questioned them. Questions for Gingrich focused primarily on refugees and the environment.
Sen. Jeanne Shaheen, D-New Hampshire, said that Pope Francis has called upon America and the rest of the Western world to welcome refugees and asked Gingrich how she planned to work with the Holy See on this critical issue.
"We have a deep commitment in this country to work so that people don't have to become refugees," Gingrich said.
Sen. Tim Kaine, D-Virginia, pressed the question further, noting that the president's most recent budget proposal included a cut to the refugee bureau.
"We're sending a message," Kaine said in reference to such cuts.
Senator Chris Murphy, D-Connecticut, also referred to the budget, alluding to a hiring freeze for the State Department.
"You are all going to feel the brunt of that," Murphy said to Gingrich and the nominees for other positions who were present at the hearing.
Sen. Tom Udall, D-New Mexico, asked Gingrich if she planned to work with the Vatican to increase ties between the US and Cuba. Gingrich replied that she hopes to aid in efforts to advance religious freedom, human dignity and human rights in Cuba.
Udall also questioned Gingrich on the environment, referencing Trump's recent visit to the Vatican, at which Pope Francis presented him with a copy of his encyclical "Laudato Si'."
"The pope and the president share a great concern about the environment," Gingrich said.
Gingrich then said that while the US is pulling out of the Paris climate agreement, as Trump announced in early June, the US will pursue a "balanced approach to climate change."
Sen. Jeff Merkley, D-Oregon, also pressed Gingrich on the environment, asking Gingrich if Trump had read "Laudato Si'."
Although unsure if Trump had read "Laudato Si'," Gingrich explained that she had read "some of it" and believes that climate changes exists and that some of it is due to human behaviour. She also said that Trump "wants the US to be an environmental leader."
Merkley said that he "must have missed" any of the president's statements showing his dedication to the environment.
With questions from other committee members ended, Johnson asked Gingrich about her experience producing "Nine Days that Changed the World." Gingrich responded that her work affirmed that Pope John Paul helped usher in end of communism in Poland and Eastern Europe. After Gingrich's answer, Johnson concluded the hearing.
"America has been a phenomenal force for good in the world; the Catholic Church has been a phenomenal force for good in this world," Johnson said.
If confirmed, Gingrich, wife of former House Speaker Newt Gingrich and a former congressional aide, will become the 11th US ambassador to the Vatican. She would succeed Ambassador Ken Hackett, who retired in January. She would be the third woman to serve in the post after Lindy Boggs, who served 1997-2001, and Mary Ann Glendon, who served 2008-2009.
The ambassadorship began in 1984 with the official opening of diplomatic relations between the United States under Ronald Reagan and the Vatican under Pope John Paul.