After the liberation of Brussels by the Welsh Guards on 3 September 1944, General Montgomery, commanding the northern 21st Army Group, proposed outflanking the formidable defences on the German Siegfried Line by striking north through the Netherlands, then turning east through Westphalia, cutting off Germany’s industrial heartland in the Ruhr. It would bring the war to an end by Christmas.
How Montgomery's bad plan cost the Allies the 1944 Battle of Arnhem
Airborne troops engage the enemy with three-inch mortars
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